توسعه اقتصادی

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Background Note

“Green Growth and Sustainable Development”

Special Event of the Second Committee (64th Session of the United Nations General Assembly)

on 26 October 2009 at UN Headquarters in New York

Green Growth, a strategy for achieving sustainable development, emphasizes the

implementation of policies that promote environmentally sustainable economic progress and

foster low

 

carbon, socially inclusive development at the same time.

Economic growth is necessary for poverty alleviation. However, it has been realized globally

that a shift from a “grow first, clean up later” attitude to a longer

 

term perspective which

emphasizes resource efficiency and environmental and social responsibility is crucial to reduce

the costs of economic development. Resource

 

efficiency, a reduction of the ecological footprint

and sustainable livelihoods should be routine considerations in investment plans and projects,

whether public or private.

To date, Green Growth policy measures include:

 

Green Tax and Budget Reform

 

Development of Sustainable Infrastructure

 

Promotion of Sustainable Consumption and Production (Demand

side Management)

 

Greening Business and Markets

 

Eco

efficiency Indicators

The policy measures and actions taken by governments to respond to the current economic

crisis enable opportunities for structural reforms to accelerate green growth. Stimulus packages

should neither lock

 

in inefficient or polluting technologies nor dirty modes of consumption and

production, but help to spur eco

 

innovation. There are abundant win

win opportunities to

develop competitive industries of the future – from renewable energy to low

 

emissions vehicles

– that will also contribute to addressing climate change and other environmental challenges.

Korea – a Green Growth pioneer – has proposed a “Green New Deal” that includes investments

in environment related infrastructure as well as research and development on clean

technologies and tax measures to promotes sustainable consumption at the household level.

Given the comprehensive topic, the panel discussion on 26 October 2009 from 10 am to 1

pm at the United Nations Headquarters in New York will present different expert views on the

conditions and policies for promoting Green Growth as well as the potential economic,

environmental and social benefits from pursuing such a path. There will be ample room for an

in

 

depth discussion and Q&A session.

Sources for additional information:

http://www.greengrowth.org/

http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/4/40/43176103.pdf

Edenhofer & Stern (2009): Towards a Global Green Recovery: Recommendations for immediate

G20 Action (

 

http://www.pikpotsdam.de/globalgreenrecovery

)

http://www.unep.org/greeneconomy/

Questions – Panel on „Green Growth and Sustainable Development“

Second Committee Special Events (64th Session of the UN General Assembly)

10 am to 1 pm, 26 October 2009, UNHQ

1. The current economic crisis provides an opportunity to direct public stimulus

funding in support of “Green Growth and Sustainable Development”. What

measure/investments in what areas would you suggest to achieve lasting

impact?

2. The availability of public funding is limited and private capital is required to

sustain “green growth”. How can private capital be unlocked for green projects

in both developed and developing countries?

3. Predictability of future policies is a key factor for the engagement of the private

sector and for investments from potential “green” investors such as pension

funds. In your view, what policies are apt to be most effective in stimulating

green private investments?

4. Governments can set policy frameworks for sustainable development, but the

private sector and consumers need to alter their investment and consumption

decisions. Changing consumption patterns can be particularly challenging. What

do you consider as most effective measures to change consumer behavior?

5. What kind of innovative fiscal or financial mechanisms do you consider as most

promising to promote green growth? (e.g., renewable feed

 

in tariffs, green

نویسنده : شفیعی : ۱۱:٤٢ ‎ق.ظ ; یکشنبه ٢٤ امرداد ،۱۳۸٩
Comments نظرات () لینک دائم